Ad C. Herennium de ratione dicendi (Rhetorica ad Herennium) [Cicero] ; with an English translation by Harry Caplan Cicero, Marcus Tullius · View online. QTUDENTS of rhetoric find frequent. _ v references to the Rhetorica ad Heren- nium, but nowhere can they read any part of it in English. This paper is intended. Full text of "Ad C. Herennium de ratione dicendi (Rhetorica ad Herennium)" DE KATIONE DICENDI (RHETORICA AD HERENNIUM) WITH A.\ ENGLISH.


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For a full-sized photo of the panel pairing Rhetoric and Arithmetic, see my diary, Mar.

Rhetorica ad Herennium

Images with borders lead to more information. For they, from fear rhetorical ad herennium english appearing to know too little, have gone in quest of notions irrelevant to the art, in order that the art might seem more difficult to rhetorical ad herennium english.

Theory without continuous practice in speaking is of little avail; from this you may understand that the precepts of theory offered ought to be applied in practice.

Epideictic, Deliberative, and Judicial.


The deliberative consists in the discussion of policy and embraces persuasion and dissuasion. Style is the adaptation of suitable words and sentences to the matter devised. Memory is the firm retention in the mind of the matter, words, and arrangement.

Delivery is the graceful regulation of voice, countenance, and gesture. All these faculties we can acquire by three means: Theory, Imitation, and Practice.

Ad C. Herennium de ratione dicendi (Rhetorica ad Herennium)

Imitation stimulates us to attain, in accordance with a studied method, the effectiveness of certain models in speaking. Practice is assiduous exercise and experience in speaking. The Narration or Rhetorical ad herennium english of Facts sets forth the events that have occurred or might have occurred.

Proof is the presentation of our arguments, together with their corroboration. The kinds of causes are four: There are two kinds of Introduction: Its purpose is to enable us to have hearers who are attentive, receptive, and well-disposed.

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If our cause is of the petty kind, we shall make our hearers attentive. But if we do not wish to use the Direct Opening, we must begin our speech with a law, a written document, or some argument supporting our cause. We shall have attentive hearers by promising to discuss important, new, and unusual matters, or such as appertain to the commonwealth, or to the rhetorical ad herennium english themselves, or to the worship of the immortal gods; by bidding them listen attentively; and by enumerating the points we are going to discuss.

From the discussion of the person of our adversaries we shall secure goodwill by bringing them into hatred, unpopularity, or contempt. We shall make our adversaries unpopular by setting forth their violent behaviour, their dominance, factiousness, wealth, lack of self-restraint, high birth, clients, hospitality, club allegiance, or marriage alliances, and by making clear that they rely more upon these supports than upon the truth.

We shall bring our adversaries into contempt by presenting their idleness, cowardice, sloth, and luxurious habits.

Full text of "Ad C. Herennium de ratione dicendi (Rhetorica ad Herennium)"

From the discussion of the person of our hearers goodwill is secured if we set forth the courage, wisdom, humanity, and nobility of past judgements they have rendered, and if we reveal what esteem they enjoy and with what interest their decision is awaited.

From the discussion of the facts themselves we shall render the hearer well-disposed by extolling our own cause with praise and by contemptuously disparaging rhetorical ad herennium english of our adversaries. If the cause has a discreditable character, 28 we can make our Introduction with the following points: Next, when we have for a time enlarged upon this idea, we shall show that nothing of the kind has been committed by us.

Or we shall set forth the judgement rendered by others in an analogous case, whether that cause be of equal, or less, or greater importance; then we shall gradually approach our own cause and establish the analogy.